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英语竞赛初赛答案 2015年全国大学生英语竞赛初赛ABCD类答案大全

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导读: 初赛 英语 答案 2015 National English Competition forCollege Students 1—5 DBABB...

  英语竞赛初赛答案 2015年全国大学生英语竞赛初赛ABCD类答案大全

  2015 National English Competition forCollege Students

  (Level A - Preliminary)

  参考答案及作文评分标准

  Part I Listening Comprehension (30 marks)

  Section A (5 marks)

  1—5 DBABB

  Section B (10 marks)

  6—10 ADABB 11—15 DADCC

  Section C (5 marks)

  16—20 CCCAD

  Section D (10 marks)

  21. vehicle 22. underthe tires 23. loses control 24. collected 25. mathematical formula

  26. in 1963 27. effects28. paving technique 29. inflated 30. brakes

  Part II Vocabulary, Grammar & Culture (15 marks)

  Section A (10 marks)

  31—35 ABACB 36—40 DDACB

  Section B (5 marks)

  41—45 ADACB

  Part III Cloze (10 marks)

  46. dazzling 47.businessmen 48. universally 49. movies (films) 50. referred

  51. consultant 52. power53. louder 54. release 55. emerging

  Part IV Reading Comprehension (35 marks)

  Section A (5 marks)

  56—60 FTFTT Section B (10 marks)

  61—65 DEAGC Section C (10 marks)

  66. Biology(neurological differences).

  67. Throughout history,crime has occurred in all cultures. Also, in all societies, about 90% ofviolent

  criminals are men—many of them young.

  68. Criminals are, onthe whole, angry people (They have the capacity for aggression).

  69. Each child / personis born with a particular temperament, or characteristic pattern ofpsychological response.

  70. The focus is mostlyon three areas: biochemical imbalances, genetic factors and physical damagesuch as

  head injury around thetime of birth. Section D (10 marks)

  71. revival 72. economicrecovery 73. reduction 74. banished 75. Society

  Part V Translation (15 marks)

  Section A (5 marks)

  76. 旅游帮助人们开发多种多样的技能。作为服务业,旅游的影响贯穿农业、建筑业或手工业各领域,创造了数百万工作和商业机会。旅游业能够帮助人们摆脱贫穷,促进两性平等,并有助于环境保护,从而成为世界各地实现积极变革的重要工具。利用旅游业的优势对于实现可持续发展目标和执行2015年后发展规划至关重要。

  Section B (10 marks)

  77. Little grass has aninvisible life-force. So long as there is life, the force will show itself.

  78. They judge a nationusing factors ranging from job satisfaction to economic progress, to people’s health, wealthand education standards, along with climate, war and political stability.

  79. A growing body ofresearch shows that physical activity has a powerful impact on our mentalhealth.

  80. Focusing on detailshas advantages, but it can also make you miss more important things.

  81. At one point he hadseemed a likely candidate to become Prime Minister.

  Part VI Error Correction (10 marks)

  82. legal→illegal

  83. √

  84. make→making

  85. effected→affected

  86. menu→menus

  87. including→include

  88. oppositions→opposition

  89. for→to

  90. has→is

  91. being→being a

  Part VII IQ Test (5 marks)

  92. Put on ice.

  93. 26; 60

  94. Colin, Ironing,Wednesday; Andrew, dusting, Tuesday; Brian, gardening, Monday

  95. caught / court;heard / herd; which / witch; knows / nose

  96. Insomuch

  Part VIII Writing (30 marks)

  (Omitted)

  作文评分标准

  一、评分原则:

  1. 本题满分为I 10分;II 20 分,按四个档次给分。

  2. 评分时,先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次,然后以该档次的要求来衡量、确定或调整本档次,最后给分。

  3. I 词数少于100,II 词数少于160,从总分中减去2分。

  4. 如书写较差,以致影响阅卷,将分数降低一档。

  二、各档次给分范围和要求:

  第四档(很好):I 9-10分;II 16-20 分

  完全符合写作格式的要求,覆盖所有内容要点,表达思想清楚,文字通顺,连贯性很好,基本上无词汇和语法错误。

  第三档(好):I 6-8 分;II 11-15 分

  基本符合写作格式的要求,有个别地方表达思想不够清楚,文字基本通顺、连贯,有少量词汇和语法错误。

  第二档(一般):I 3-5 分;II 6-10 分

  未恰当完成写作格式的要求,漏掉内容要点,表达思想不清楚,文字多处出现词汇和语法错误,影响了对写作内容的理解。

  第一档(差):I 1-2 分;II 1-5 分

  未完成写作格式的要求,明显遗漏主要内容,表达思想紊乱,有较多词汇和语法的重大错误,未能将信息传达给读者。

  0分

  白卷;作文与题目毫不相关;内容太少,无法评判;所写内容无法看清。

  2015 National English Competitionfor College Students

  (Level B - Preliminary)

  参考答案及评分标准

  Part I. Listening Comprehension (30 marks)

  Section A (5 marks)

  1—5 CBCAD

  Section B (10 marks)

  6—10 BDADB 11—15 DACAB

  Section C (5 marks)

  16—20 DCBBD

  Section D (10 marks)

  21. desire 22.restlessness or irritability 23. escape problems 24. three or more

  25. accessibility 26.indulge 27. immediate gratification 28. obsession with

  29. powerful hook 30.virtual reality

  Part IIVocabulary,Grammar & Culture (15 marks)

  Section A (10 marks)

  31—35 BCDAC 36—40 ACDBC

  Section B (5 marks)

  41—45 ADCBB

  Part IIICloze (10 marks)

  46. among 47. equipment48. What 49. other 50. less

  51.Having compared 52.intellectually 53. indicators 54. development 55. who

  Part IV. ReadingComprehension (35 marks)

  Section A (5 marks)

  56—60 TFFTF

  Section B (10 marks)

  61—65 CAFGE

  Section C (10 marks)

  66. Climate andgeography.

  67. In Europe, robes wereassociated with femininity and trousers with masculinity, while in China, they indicateddifferent social status.

  68. It means upperclass.

  69. They wore shorterskirts.

  70. Because theyvehemently rejected clothing with mixed gender and class messages. Section D (10 marks)

  71. incentive and action72. detrimental to 73. Perfectionists

  74. perversesatisfaction 75. clear expectations

  Part V. Translation (10 marks)

  Section A (5 marks)

  76. 母语以及语言多样性与个人的身份认同息息相关。作为创造性的源泉和文化表达的载体,它们对于社会的健康也至关重要。语言还是促进发展和增长的要素。我们深知母语教育对学习成效的重要性。母语教学是消除歧视和帮助边缘化人群的有效方法。作为知识的源泉,语言也是提高发展的可持续性以及更和谐地调整我们与环境和变革之间的关系的出发点。

  Section B (10 marks)

  77. A person’s character isn’t determined byhow he or she enjoys victory, but rather how he or she endures defeat.

  78. The year 2015 willwitness the 750th anniversary of that prestigious British university.

  79. Owing to theirlong-term separation from their parents, these children often lack the care andaffection they need.

  80. Ecologicalconservation is vital for the well-being and future of mankind, and it bringsabout historical opportunities for the development of the world.

  81. We must act now toensure that future generations can enjoy humanity’s common cultural heritage.

  Part VI. Error Correction (10 marks)

  82. sleep→asleep

  83. Face→Faced

  84. √

  85. Japan→Japanese

  86. it→itself

  87. loosen→loosens

  88. and→or

  89. unexpensive→inexpensive

  90. soon 后加be

  91. moreover→however

  Part VIIIQ Test (5 marks)

  92. LEAP

  93. TRUTH

  A O

  I L

  N L

  TARDY

  94. B (解析:字母可组成单词Detroit, 底特律属于美国的密歇根州)

  95. c

  96. B

  Part VIII. Writing (30 marks)

  参考范文略

  作文评分标准

  一、评分原则:

  1. 本题满分为I 10分;II 20 分,按四个档次给分。

  2. 评分时,先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次,然后以该档次的要求来衡量、确定或调整本档次,最后给分。

  3. I 词数少于100,II 词数少于160,从总分中减去2 分。

  4. 如书写较差,以致影响阅卷,将分数降低一档。

  二、各档次给分范围和要求:

  第四档(很好):I 9-10分;II 16-20 分

  完全符合写作格式的要求,覆盖所有内容要点,表达思想清楚,文字通顺,连贯性很好,基本上无词汇和语法错误。

  第三档(好):I 6-8 分;II 11-15 分

  基本符合写作格式的要求,有个别地方表达思想不够清楚,文字基本通顺、连贯,有少量词汇和语法错误。

  第二档(一般):I 3-5 分;II 6-10 分

  未恰当完成写作格式的要求,漏掉内容要点,表达思想不清楚,文字多处出现词汇和语法错误,影响了对写作内容的理解。

  第一档(差):I 1-2 分;II 1-5 分

  未完成写作格式的要求,明显遗漏主要内容,表达思想紊乱,有较多词汇和语法的重大错误,未能将信息传达给读者。

  0分

  白卷;作文与题目毫不相关;内容太少,无法评判;所写内容无法看清。

  2015 National English Competition for College Students

  (Level C - Preliminary)

  参考答案及评分标准

  Part I Listening Comprehension (30 marks)

  Section A (5 marks)

  1—5 BDBCD

  Section B (10 marks)

  6—10 DADBA 11—15 BCACD

  Section C (5 marks)

  16—20 CDBAD

  Section D (10 marks)

  21. record and share 22. legal ownership 23. apply for 24. distinctive signs

  25. are arising 26. imported from 27. being sold cheaply 28. trade is fair

  29. should be followed 30. suffering from

  Part II Vocabulary, Grammar & Culture (15 marks)

  Section A Vocabulary and Grammar (10 marks)

  31—35 BDDCB 36—40 ADCBD

  Section B Culture (5 marks)

  41—45 BACCB

  Part III Cloze (10 marks)

  46. neither 47. relatively 48. in 49. illegal 50. at

  51. tremendous 52. accidents 53. greater 54. opposite 55. unable

  Part IV Reading Comprehension (35 marks)

  Section A (5 marks)

  56. F 57. T 58. T 59. F 60. T

  Section B (10 marks)

  61—65 DGAFB Section C (10 marks)

  66. Because of its centrality as well as restricted access.

  67. The Yongle Emperor.

  68. It is 961 meters (long).

  69. It covers an area of 1,110,000 square meters.

  70. It is comprised of not only the residences of the emperor and his consorts but also venues for religious rituals and administrative activities.

  Section D (10 marks)

  71. measuring/gauging 72. assesses 73. genetic 74. than 75. scores

  Part V Translation (15 marks)

  Section A (5 marks)

  76. 歌剧是一种将音乐、歌唱和戏剧融合于舞台的艺术形式。最初的歌剧表演出现在十七世纪初期的意大利。这些表演基于希腊神话,伴有简单的曲调。早期的歌剧编者称他们的工作为“通过音乐表现的戏剧”,因为他们觉得音乐是传递思想和情感的关键。虽然最初的歌剧只为贵族表演,但从十八世纪开始,歌剧也开始为公众表演。

  Section B (10 marks)

  77. His performance at school has not lived up to his parents’expectations.

  78. His greatness lies in his life-long perseverance in the pursuit of his goal.

  79. When you take a positive attitude towards life, life will take on a new look.

  80. The Ministry of Education requires that extra-curricular activities be made part of school life.

  81. The only thing that matters is to return home safe (and sound).

  Part VI Error Correction (10 marks)

  82.year’s→years’

  83. 在is后加a

  84. 去掉up

  85. √

  86. in→with

  87. meaning→meaningful

  88. bad→good

  89. possibly→possible

  90. So→But

  91. dream后加of

  Part VII IQ Test (5 marks)

  92. A night mare.(双关,一匹“夜马”,即“噩梦”一词。)

  93. B(单词构成了有意义的句子;字母构成了有意义的单词。)

  94. 小道消息;传言

  95. 10。(本题为两组数据:4、6、10、18和5、8、14、26;每个数字系由前一个数字乘2 后再减2 获得。如4X2=8-2=6;5X2=10-2=8。)

  96. B(前图与后图的区别均是方向对调,最后一行小图颜色对换。)

  Part VIII Writing

  I. (10 marks) II. (20 marks) (Omitted)

  作文评分标准

  一、评分原则:

  1. 本题满分为I 10分;II 20 分,按四个档次给分。

  2. 评分时,先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次,然后以该档次的要求来衡量、确定或调整本档次,最后给分。

  3. I 词数少于80 或多于120的,II 词数少于120或多于160的,从总分中减去2分。

  4. 如书写较差,以致影响阅卷,将分数降低一档。

  二、各档次给分范围和要求:

  第四档(很好):I 9-10分;II 16-20 分

  完全符合写作格式的要求,覆盖所有内容要点,表达思想清楚,文字通顺,连贯性很好,基本上无词汇和语法错误。

  第三档(好):I 6-8 分;II 11-15 分

  基本符合写作格式的要求,有个别地方表达思想不够清楚,文字基本通顺、连贯,有少量词汇和语法错误。

  第二档(一般):I 3-5 分;II 6-10 分

  未恰当完成写作格式的要求,漏掉内容要点,表达思想不清楚,文字多处出现词汇和语法错误,影响了对写作内容的理解。

  第一档(差):I 1-2 分;II 1-5 分

  未完成写作格式的要求,明显遗漏主要内容,表达思想紊乱,有较多词汇和语法的重大错误,未能将信息传达给读者。

  0分

  白卷;作文与题目毫不相关;内容太少,无法评判;所写内容无法看清。

  2015 National English Competition for College Students

  (Level D - Preliminary)

  参考答案及评分标准

  Part I Listening Comprehension (30 marks)

  Section A (5 marks)

  1—5 DCDAA

  Section B (5 marks)

  6—10 CDBBC 11—15 ABCBD

  Section C (5 marks)

  16—20 ACDDB

  Section D (10 marks)

  21. correspondence 22. participated in 23. identifies 24. occasional 25. family ties

  26. ally themselves with 27. unintelligible 28. on the spot 29. tap into 30. significance

  Part II Vocabulary, Grammar & Culture (15 marks)

  Section A (10 marks)

  31—35 CDACB 36—40 CBBAD

  Section B (5 marks)

  41—45 BACDB

  Part III Cloze (10 marks)

  46. unthinkable 47. caught 48. majority 49. under 50. without

  51. which 52. immediately 53. survivors 54. nearest 55. emergency

  Part IV Reading Comprehension (35 marks)

  Section A (5 marks)

  56—60 TFTTF

  Section B (10 marks)

  61—65 GCFAE

  Section C (10 marks)

  66. He was having a company planning meeting.

  67. The company’s chairman Ibuka suggested removing the recording function and speaker and selling headphones with a tape player.

  68. Three. They are Sony Walkman, NIKE athletic shoes and FedEx overnight delivery.

  69. Because he wanted some paperwork to be delivered across the country the next day.

  70. Silly questions often lead to great inventions.

  Section D (10 marks)

  71. cut down 72. switch on 73. harmful chemicals 74. slowing down 75. exercise

  Part V Translation (15 marks)

  Section A (5 marks)

  76. 中国汉字在传递中国语言和文化方面起着关键性的作用。当你只是观察汉字时,你可能没有什么特别的感觉。但是通过写你会更亲近汉字,并感知它们的文化内涵。随着键盘和语音识别的出现,书写能力近来有所下降已经成为一个不可避免的事实。由于在键盘上打字更方便和快捷,手写的机会越来越少。过度依赖电子输入法正在侵蚀人们对汉字的记忆。

  Section B (10 marks)

  77. This is a self-help manual to help people keep healthy without having to see doctors often.

  78. More and more speed cameras are installed on roads in order to bring down the number of seriousaccidents.

  79. The appearance of electronic products, particularly TV and computers, has had a huge impact on children.

  80. The background noise from the television prevented/kept the child from concentrating on his homework.

  81. Not only do the students study hard, they also take an active part in various social activities.

  Part VI Error Correction (10 marks)

  82. greater→great

  83. signifying→signify

  84. up→down

  85. associating→associated

  86. hard→harder

  87. which前加to

  88. 去掉the

  89. sentence→sentences

  90. what→which/that

  91. √

  Part VII IQ Test (5 marks)

  92. D(首先观察给出的图形,通过比较YV 和XV 的图形,可知两图形颜色相同,形状不同,所以得出V代表颜色黑色,Y 代表图形“╈ ”,X 代表图形“┍ ”,同理可知,Z 代表图形“┩”,U 代表颜色浅色,W代表颜色白色。)

  93. 口误

  94. casino (Because all the other words form a sequence where each word commences with the middle two letters of the previous word.)

  95. out/OUT

  96. P. (There are 15 letters before it in the alphabet, and ten after.)

  Part VIII Writing (30 marks)

  Omitted.

  作文评分标准

  一、评分原则:

  1. 本题满分为I 10分;II 20 分,按四个档次给分。

  2. 评分时,先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次,然后以该档次的要求来衡量、确定或调整本档次,最后给分。

  3. I 词数少于80 或多于120的,II 词数少于120或多于160的,从总分中减去2分。

  4. 如书写较差,以致影响阅卷,将分数降低一档。

  二、各档次给分范围和要求:

  第四档(很好):I 9-10分;II 16-20 分

  完全符合写作格式的要求,覆盖所有内容要点,表达思想清楚,文字通顺,连贯性很好,基本上无词汇和语法错误。

  第三档(好):I 6-8 分;II 11-15 分

  基本符合写作格式的要求,有个别地方表达思想不够清楚,文字基本通顺、连贯,有少量词汇和语法错误。

  第二档(一般):I 3-5 分;II 6-10 分

  未恰当完成写作格式的要求,漏掉内容要点,表达思想不清楚,文字多处出现词汇和语法错误,影响了对写作内容的理解。

  第一档(差):I 1-2 分;II 1-5 分

  未完成写作格式的要求,明显遗漏主要内容,表达思想紊乱,有较多词汇和语法的重大错误,未能将信息传达给读者。

  0分

  白卷;作文与题目毫不相关;内容太少,无法评判;所写内容无法看清。

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