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telling tales about people 阅读理解解析及答案

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telling tales about people 阅读理解解析及答案篇一:阅读理解第一篇Telling_Tales_about_People

第一篇Telling Tales about People

One of the most common types of nonfiction, and one that many people enjoy reading, is stories about people's lives. These stories fall into three general categories: autobiography, memoir, and biography.

An autobiography is the story of a person's life written by himself or herself. Often it beginswith the person's earliest recollections and ends in the present. Autobiography writers may not be entirely objective in the way they present themselves. However, they offer the reader a good look at the way they are and what makes them that way. People as diverse as Benjamin Franklin and Helen Keller have written autobiographies of other writers, such as James Joyce, have written thinly fictionalized accounts of their lives. These are not autobiographies, but they are very close to it.

Memoirs, strictly speaking, are autobiographical accounts that focus as much on the events of the times as on the life of the author. 2Memoir writers typically use these events as backdrops for their lives. They describe them in detail and discuss their importance. Recently, though, the term memoir seems to be becoming interchangeable with autobiography. A memoir nowadays may or may not deal with the outside world.

Biographies are factual accounts of someone else's life. In many senses, these may be the hardest of the three types to write. Autobiography writers know the events they write about.

because they lived them. But biography writers have to gather information from as many different sources as possible. Then they have to decide which facts to include. Their goal is to present a balanced picture of a person, not one that is overly positive or too critical. A fair, well-presented biography may take years to research and write.

练习:

1. This passage is mostly about________.

A) the characteristics of autobiographies, memoirs, and biographies

B) famous autobiographies

C) why biography can be difficult to write

D) differences between autobiographies and memoirs

2. Helen Keller wrote________.

A) a memoir

B) an autobiography

C) a work of fiction

D) a biography

3. Autobiography writers are not always objective because they________.

A) feel they have to make up details to make their books sell

B) constantly compete with biography writers

C) want to present themselves in a good light

D) have trouble remembering the good times

4. The writer introduces each category in the passage by________.

A) defining it

B) giving an example

C) explaining why it is hard to write

D) telling when people first began writing it

5. Diverse means________.

A) able to swim in deep water

B) similar or alike

C) varied or different

D) enjoying poetry

【答案】

1. A 2. B 3. C 4. A 5. C

【译文】

第一篇 讲述关于人们的故事

最普遍的非小说类文学作品类型之一就是一些描述人们生活的故事,并且很多人喜欢阅 读这类作品。这些故事大致分为三类:自传、回忆录和传记。

自传是作者记录自己故事的文章。通常自传会以作者最早期的回忆开始并以对现在情况 的总结作为结束。自传的作者也许不会完全客观地介绍自己。然而,他们给读者提供了一个 途径来了解自己比较好的行事风格和为何成就这样的自己。就像本杰明·富兰克林和海伦·凯勒一样,各种各样的人们已经写了自传。其他的作者就像詹姆斯·乔伊斯一样仅仅写了关于自己生活的虚构小说。这些不是自传,但是它们和自传非常相近。

严格意义上来讲,回忆录是既注重作者本身的生活经历,也注重其所处的时代所发生的事件的自传性的描述。回忆录作者通常把这些事件作为他们生活的背景。他们详细地描述这些事件并论述这些事件的重要性。虽然近些年,回忆录这个词似乎开始变得可以和自传互换,但是目前回忆录也许还没有因外界评论而有所改变。

传记事实上是记录(作者以外)其他人的生活。在很多方面,传记也许是这三种非小说类文学作品中最难写的了。自传作者知悉他们所写的事件因为他们就生活在其中。但是传记作者不得不尽量从很多不同的渠道来收集信息。然后他们不得不决定包含哪种事实。他们的目标是用比较全面的图片来介绍一个人物,并不是过于积极也不是过于批判。一个公正并详尽的传记也许要花费许多年来研究并进行书写。

第三篇 Shark Attack!

Craig Rogers was sitting on his surfboard, scanning the distance for his next wave,when his board suddenly stopped moving. He looked down and was terrified to see a great white shark biting the front of his board. “I could have touched its eye with my elbow,” says Craig. The shark had surfaced so quietly that he hadn't heard a thing.

In his horror and confusion,he waved his arms and accidentally cut two of his fingers on the shark's teeth. He then slid off the opposite side of his surfboard into the water. Then, with Craig in the water and blood flowing from his fingers,the five-meter-long shark simply swam away, disappearing into the water below.

Although sharks are often categorized as killers that hunt and eat as many humans as they can, this is factually inaccurate. Sharks very rarely kill humans. A person has a greater chance of being struck by lightning or drowning in a bath than of being killed by a shark. Only 74 people have been reported killed by great whites in the last century. But great white sharks can reach six meters in length and weigh 2,200 kilograms or more. With frightening jaws that can hold up to 3,000 teeth arranged in several rows,they could very easily kill and eat a helpless human in the water. Why is it, then, that most people survive attacks by great whites? Shark researchers are trying to comprehend the reasons that allow people to escape without being eaten.

The most common explanation is that great whites don't see well. It has been thought that they mistake people for the seals or sea lions which make up a large part of their diet. There is reason to doubt this,however. Recent information shows that great whites can actually see very well. Also, when attacking seals, great whites shoot up to the surface and bite with great force. When approaching humans, however, they most often move in slowly and bite less hard. They soon discover that humans are not a high — fat meal. “They spit us out because we're too bony,” says Aidan Martin,director of Reef Quest Center for Shark Research.

Shark researchers like Martin hypothesize that great whites are actually curious animals that like to investigate things. It's possible that they use their bite not only to kill and eat, but also to gather information. Although such an experience is unlucky for people like Craig Rogers, when sharks bite surfboards or other objects or people,they are likely just trying to learn what they are.

词汇:

scan vt审视,细看,浏览

elbow n.肘,肘部

surface n, 表面,外表;vi.浮出水面,浮现

drown vi.淹死,溺死

注释:

1. ... cut two of his fingers on the shark's teeth.被鲨鱼咬掉了两个指头。

2. A person has a greater chance of being struck by lightning or drowning in a bath than of being killed by a shark.比起被鲨鱼杀死,人类更有可能被闪电击中或是淹死在浴缸中。 练习:

1. After Craig Rogers fell into the water, the shark_________.

A) bit his surfboard

B) bit his fingers

C) swam away

D) attacked him

2. It is difficult for the author to understand why great whites_________.

A) often let humans escape

B) kill humans

C) have so many teeth

D) grow to six meters or more

3. Which of the following is closest in meaning to make up in line 2 of paragraph 4?

A) create.

B) are.

C) increase.

D) depend upon.

4. The word their in line 2 of paragraph 4 means_________.

A) people's

B) great whites'

C) sea lions'

D) seals'

5. What is the main idea of the fourth paragraph?

A) Great whites eat low-fat, bony meals more slowly.

B) Great whites see well enough to include seals, sea lions, and humans in their diet.

C) We now know great whites don't mistake humans for other animals.

D) There is reason to doubt that great whites see well enough to attack humans. 答案与题解:

1. C选项A(鲨鱼咬冲浪板)和B(鲨鱼咬他的手指)两个选项发生在Craig落水之前,故排除这两项。从第二段第三行可以得到如下信息:当Craig落入水中,手指上的鲜血在水中散开之时,这条五米长的鲨鱼却自己游走了。此信息排除了选项D(鲨鱼攻击他),因此答案为C (鲨鱼自己游走了)。

2. A从第二段第一行我们可以看出:鲨鱼被人类视为杀手,这是一条常识,很容易理解,因此选项B(杀人)被排除。而选项C(有很多牙)和D(长到六米长或是更长)只是对鲨鱼的简单描述,也属于常识;而且文中并未出现对它们的质疑,说明作者也默认了这两条常识。因此选项C和D也被排除。所以答案是A(常常让人类逃脱),这在文中第三段得到了验证, 第三段整段就是在说虽然鲨鱼可以轻松杀死人类,但是它们却很少杀人。第三段最后两行甚至提到就连鲨鱼研究者们都在尽力寻找人类屡屡能鲨口逃生的原因,这就更能证明选项 A是正确答案。

3. B本题要求读者根据上下文的语境猜测第四段第二行斜体标出的词组make up的意思。 结合make up词组前出现的单词seal和sea lion以及它后面出现的词组a large part of their diet,通过常识我们可以猜出:海豹和海狮应该是鲨鱼的主要食物来源。比对四个选项,我们可以发现选项A(创造)、选项C(增加)和选项D(依靠)在意思上都说不通,代入原文无法构成有意义的一句话。因此只有选项B(是)在意思上和make up最为接近,代入原文也说得通。在本文中,词组make up的意思为:组成,构成。

4. B本题要求读者根据上下文的语境猜测第四段第二行斜体标出的单词their的意思。结合第四段前两行的内容,我们可以很容易推测出,在这里their指代的是the great whites(大白鲨),因此答案为B。

5. C本题要求读者总结出第四段的主要内容。第四段主要介绍的是:人们起初以大白鲨视力不好为由来解释人类为何屡屡鲨口脱险,但是最近的信息表明大白鲨的视力并不差,不会把人类误认

为是海豹或海獅。大白鲨不吃人是由于它们觉得人类太瘦,没有海獅和海豹的肉那么肥。对比四个选项:选项A略显片面,不是本段的主要内容,故排除。选项B中提到大白鲨也把人类当作食物来源,这点是错误的,故排除B。选项D中说的是人们开始怀疑这一论断的正确性,但是选项D的表述和文中的信息正好相反;人们现在开始怀疑的是“大白鲨 由于视力不好才去攻击人类”这一论断,而不是“大白鲨由于视力很好才去攻击人类”,故排除D。所以正确答案为C(我们现在知道大白鲨不会把人类误以为是其他动物)。

参考译文

第三篇 小心鲨鱼!

克雷格•罗杰斯正坐在他的冲浪板上估算着下一波浪离他还有多远,就在这时冲浪板不动了。他低头向水下看,惊悚的一幕出现了: 一条大白鲨正在撕咬冲浪板的前端。“我的肘部可能都已经碰到了它的眼睛”,克雷格谈道。原来,这条鲨鱼悄悄地浮上了水面,完全没让克雷格听到。 克雷格惊慌害怕,手足无措,但是偶然之间他被鲨鱼咬掉了两支手指,然后随着滑板翻了个个儿,他也掉进水里。就在那时,处于水中的克雷格两支手指鲜血直流,但这条五米长 的鲨鱼却径直游开,消失在深海之中。

虽然鲨鱼常被认为是疯狂杀人的猎手,但事实上这是不准确的。鲨鱼很少猎杀人类。比起被鲨鱼杀死,人类更有可能被闪电击中或是淹死在浴缸中。在上个世纪,有报道的只有74人命丧鲨鱼之口。然而大白鲨可以长封6米长、2200公斤重或是更重。3000颗牙齿排成数排长在鲨鱼那可怕的血盆大口中,它们可以轻易杀死并吃掉无助的落水者。但为什么大多数人受到大白鲨攻击之后都能鲨口逃生呢?鲨鱼研究者们正在努力寻找使得人类鲨口脱险的原因。

最常用的解释是说大白鲨的视力不好。人们认为大白鲨会把人类错当成是海豹或是海狮,后两者是鲨鱼的主要食物来源。但是人类又找到了理由来质疑这一论断。最近的研究信息表明大白鲨视力不错。并且当大白鲨在攻击海豹时,它们会迅速窜上海面,用力撕咬。但当大白鲨在攻击人类时,它们在大多数情况下会慢慢浮上海面,撕咬的力度也轻得多。它们很快就会发现人类的肉不够肥。“它们把我们吐出来是因为我们太瘦了”,艾丹•马丁说道,他是鲨鱼研究暗礁搜索中心的领头人。

诸如马丁这样的鲨鱼研究者们提出了这样一种假设:大白鲨实际上是一种好奇心很重的动物,它们喜欢探索新鲜事物。有可能它们撕咬物体不仅仅是为了猎杀和吃掉,也是为了搜集信息。虽然这种经历对于像克雷格·罗杰斯这些人来说很不幸,但是当鲨鱼在撕咬冲浪板, 或是别的物体,甚至是人类时,很可能它们只是在尽量了解那到底是个什

第四篇 Feast on Turkey and Good Wishes at Thanksgiving

Four weeks ago US children dressed as monsters and asked for sweets. That was Halloween In a few weeks American houses will be red and green and filled with presents, for Christmas.

As if all this isn‘t enough, on Thursday this week, America will enjoy another festival—Thanksgiving. Children will have two days off school, shops will close and houses will be filled with families enjoying mountains of food.

Every year, in Gainesville, Florida, an entire class celebrate Thanksgiving together. The class dresses up and puts on plays for their families, After the plays the families share a feast of traditional Thanksgiving foods like turkey and pumpkin pie.

Dean Foster, an 11yearold boy will take part in this celebration. He said: ―I love Thanksgiving because it means time off school, lots of nice food and a happy family.‖

His brother Ben, nine, said: ―The best thing about Thanksgiving, is that when it is finished, it is time to start Christmas.‖

But behind the food and the large amount of money spent there is another message. On Thursday

evening. Dean and Ben‘s family will make a basket and put it on the table as they eat their evening meal. Each of them will write a list of things that they are thankful for and place the paper in the basket. The

telling tales about people 阅读理解解析及答案篇二:职称英语综合类阅读理解第1篇Telling Tales about People逐句翻译

Telling Tales about People讲述关于人类的故事

One of the most common types of nonfiction, and one that many people enjoy reading, is stories about people's lives. 一个非小说类最常见的类型,一个许多人喜欢阅读,是对人的生命的故事。These stories fall into three general categories: autobiography, memoir, and biography.这些故事大致分为三类:自传,传记,传记。

An autobiography is the story of a person's life written by himself or herself. 自传是作者记录自己故事的文章。Often it begins with the person's earliest recollections and ends in the present.通常自传会以作者最早期的回忆开始并以对现在情况的总 结作为结束。Autobiography writers may not be entirely objective in the way they present themselves.自传的作者也许不会完全客观地介绍自己。 However, they offer the reader a good look at the way they are and what makes them that way. 然而,他们给读者提供了一个途径来了 解自己比较好的行事风格和为何成就这样的&己。People as diverse as Benjarmin Franklin and Helen Keller have written autobiographies. 就像本杰明?富兰克林和海伦?凯勒一样,各 种各样的人们已经写了自传。1Other writers, such as James Joyce,have written thinly fictionalized accounts of their lives. 其他的作者就像詹姆斯?乔伊斯一样仅仅写了关于自己生活

的虚构 小说。These are not autobiographies,but they are very close to it.这些不是自传,但是它们和自传非常相近。

Memoirs, strictly speaking, are autobiographical accounts that focus as much on the events of the times as on the life of the author. 严格意义上来讲,回忆录是既注重作者本身的生活经历,也注重其所处的时代所发生的事件 的自传性的描述。2Memoir writers typically use these events as backdrops for their lives. 回忆录作者通常把这些事件作为他们生活的背景。They describe them in detail and discuss their importance.他们详细地描述这些事件并 论述这些事件的重要性。 Recently,though,the term memoir seems to be becoming interchangeab1e with autobiography. 虽然近些年,回忆录这个词似乎开始变得可以和自传互换,A memoir nowadays may or may not deal with the outside world.但是目前回 忆录也许还没有因外界评论而有所改变。

Biographies are factual accounts of someone else's life. 传记事实上是记录(作者以外).其他人的生活。In many senses,these maybe the hardest of the three types to write. 在很多方面,传记也许是这三种非小说类文 学作品中最难写的了。Autobiography writers know the events they write about because they lived them. 自传作者知悉他们所写的事件因为他们就生活在其中。But biography writers have to gather

information from as many different sources as possible.但是传记作者不得 不尽量从很多不同的渠道来收集信息。 Then they have to decide which facts to include. 然后他们不得不决定包含哪种事实。Their goal is to present a balanced picture of a person,not one that is overly positive or too critical. 他们的目标是用比较 全面的图片来介绍一个人物,并不是过于肯定也不是过于批判。A fair well-presented biography may take years to research and write.一个公正并详尽的传记也许要花 费许多年来研究并进行书写。

词汇:

backdrop / n. 背景

interchangeable /adj. 可转换的

注释:

1. People as perse as Benjamin Franklin and Helen Keller have written autobiographies. 就像本杰明?富兰克林和海伦?凯勒一样,各种各样的人们已经写了自传。

2. Memoirs,strictly speaking,are autobiographical accounts that focus as much on the events of the times as on the life of the author. 严格意义上来讲,回忆录是既注重作者本身的生活经历,也注重其所处的时代所发生的事件的自传性的描述。

练习:

1. This passage is mostly about _______.

A. the characteristics of autobiographies,memoirs,and biographies

B. famous autobiographies

C. why biography can be difficult to write

D. differences between autobiographiesand memoirs

2. Helen Keller wrote________.

A. a memoir

B. an autobiography

C. a work of fiction

D. a biography

3. Autobiography writers are not always objective because they________.

A. feel they have to make up details to make their books sell

B. constantly compete with biography writers

C. want to present themselves in a good light

D. have trouble remembering the good times

4. The writer introduces each category in the passage by________.

A. defining it

B. giving an example

C. explaining why it is hard to write

D. telling when people first began writing it

5. perse means________.

A. able to swim in deep water

B. similar or alike

C. varied or different

D. enjoying poetry

答案与题解:

1. A 本题问的是:这篇文章主要是关于?文章第一句说到最普遍的非小说类文学作品类型之一就是一些来描述人们生活的故事,这些故事大致分为三类:自传回忆录和传记。然后通篇对这三种类型进行了介绍,因此A是正确答案。

2. B 本题问的是:海伦·凯勒谢了什么?第二段第5句话写到:就像本明杰·富兰克林和 海伦·凯勒一样,各种各样的人们已经写了自传。因此B是正确答案。

3. C本题问的是:自传作者通常不太客观,因为他们?

第二段提到:他们给读者提供了一个途径来了解自己比较好的行事风格„„,因此答案是C,他们想展示自己好的一面。

4. A本题问的是:本文的作者通过何种方式介绍每种类

telling tales about people 阅读理解解析及答案篇三:Telling Tales about People

Telling Tales about People

One of the most common types of nonfiction, and one that many people enjoy reading, is stories about people's lives. These stories fall into three general categories: autobiography, memoir, and biography.

An autobiography is the story of a person's life written by himself or herself. Often it begins with the person's earliest recollections and ends in the present. Autobiography writers may not be entirely objective in the way they present

themselves. However, they offer the reader a good look at the way they are and what makes them that way. People as diverse as Benjarmin Franklin and Helen Keller have written autobiographies. 1Other writers, such as James Joyce,have written thinly fictionalized accounts of their lives. These are not autobiographies,but they are very close to it.

Memoirs, strictly speaking, are autobiographical accounts that focus as much on the events of the times as on the life of the author. 2Memoir writers typically use these events as backdrops for their lives. They describe them in detail and discuss their importance. Recently,though,the term memoir seems to be becoming interchangeab1e with autobiography. A memoir nowadays may or may not deal with the outside world.

Biographies are factual accounts of someone else's life. In many senses,these may be the hardest of the three types to write. Autobiography writers know the events they write about because they lived them. But biography writers have to gather information from as many different sources as possible. Then they have to decide which facts to include. Their goal is to present a balanced picture of a person,not one that is overly positive or too critical. A fair well-presented biography may take years to research and write.

词汇:

backdrop /'b k,dr?p/ n. 背景 interchangeable /int? 't?end??bl/ adj. 可转换的 注释:

1. People as diverse as Benjamin Franklin and Helen Keller have written

autobiographies. 就像本杰明 富兰克林和海伦 凯勒一样,各种各样的人们已经写了自传。

2. Memoirs,strictly speaking,are autobiographical accounts that focus as much on the events of the times as on the life of the author. 严格意义上来讲,回忆录是既注重作者本身的生活经历,也注重其所处的时代所发生的事件的自传性的描述。 练习:

1. This passage is mostly about _______.

A. the characteristics of autobiographies,memoirs,and biographies

B. famous autobiographies

C. why biography can be difficult to write

D. differences between autobiographies and memoirs

2. Helen Keller wrote________.

A. a memoir

B. an autobiography

C. a work of fiction

D. a biography

3. Autobiography writers are not always objective because they________.

A. feel they have to make up details to make their books sell

B. constantly compete with biography writers

C. want to present themselves in a good light

D. have trouble remembering the good times

4. The writer introduces each category in the passage by________.

A. defining it

B. giving an example

C. explaining why it is hard to write

D. telling when people first began writing it

5. Diverse means________.

A. able to swim in deep water

B. similar or alike

C. varied or different

D. enjoying poetry

答案与题解:

1. A 本题问的是:这篇文章主要是关于?文章第一句说到最普遍的非小说类文学作品类型之一就是一些来描述人们生活的故事,这些故事大致分为三类:自传

回忆录和传记。然后通篇对这三种类型进行了介绍,因此A是正确答案。

2. B 本题问的是:海伦 凯勒谢了什么?第二段第5句话写到:就像本明杰 富兰克林和 海伦 凯勒一样,各种各样的人们已经写了自传。因此B是正确答案。

3. C本题问的是:自传作者通常不太客观,因为他们?第二段提到:他们给读者提供了一个途径来了解自己比较好的行事风格„„,因此答案是C,他们想展示自己好的一面。

4. A本题问的是:本文的作者通过何种方式介绍每种类型的非小说文学作品?答案是A,通过给每个类型进行定义。

5. C本题问的是:diverse 的意思是?其汉语意思为“多种多样的”,因此C正确。 The Changing Middle Class

The United States perceives itself to be a middle-class nation. However,middle class is not a real designation,nor does it carry privileges.1 It is more of a perception,which probably was as true as it ever could be right after World War II. The economy was growing,more and more people owned their own homes,workers had solid contracts with the companies that employed them,and nearly everyone who wanted a higher education could have one. Successful people enjoyed upward social mobility. They may have started out poor,but they could become rich. Successful people also found that they had greater geographic mobility. In other words,they found themselves moving to and living in a variety of places.

The middle class collectively holds several values and principles. One strong value is the need to earn enough money to feel that one can determine one's own economic fate. In addition,middle class morality embraces principles of individual responsibility,importance of family, obligations to others,and believing in something outside oneself. 2

But in the 1990s those in the middle class found that there was a price for success.

A U. S.News & World Report survey in 1994 indicated that 75 percent of Americans believed that middle class families could no longer make ends meet 3. Both spouses

now worked,as did some of the children; long commutes became routine; the need for child care put strains on4 the family; and public schools were not as good as they once were. Members of the middle cIass were no longer financing their lifestyles through earnings but were using credit to stay afloat. The understanding of just what middle class meant was changing.

词汇:

designation /dezig'nei??n/ n. 称号 commute /k?'mju:t/ n. 上下班路程 mobility /m?u'bil?ti/ n. 流动性

注释:

1. However,middle c1ass is not a real designation,nor does it carry privileges. 然而,中产阶级既不是一个真实的称号,也不会带来特别待遇。

2. In addition,middle-c1ass morality embraces principles of individual responsibility,importance of family,obligations to others,and believing in something outside onesèlf. 另外,中产阶级的道德观包括个人的责任感、家庭的重要性、对他人的使命感以及相信自我以外的事物。

3. make ends meet:收支相抵,维持生活

4. put strains on:带来压力

练习:

1. The information in this passage deals with_______.

A) an individual

B) a social and economic group

C) a political organization

D) government

2. A common middle class value is that________.

A) people should always have fun

B) children should be seen and not heard

C) debt is nothing to worry about

D) the family is very important

3. ln the years after World War II,the middle class could be defined as_______.

A) overburdened and in debt

B) hard working and suspicious

C) prosperous and optimistic

D) young and foolish

4. The phrase “In other words" in the first paragraph means that the following statement is_____.

A) an exception to the previous idea

B) a denial of the previous idea

C) a restatement of the previous idea

D) a contrasting idea

5. The word collectively means______.

A) as a group

B) hesitatingly

C) unknowingly

D) weakly

答案与题解:

1. B 本题的问题是:本文的信息是关于?本文通篇讲述美国的中产阶级,指的是社会和经济群体,因此选择B。

2. D本题的问题是:一个普遍的中产阶级价值观是?本篇第二段最后一句话讲到,“中产阶级的道德观包括个人的责任感、家庭的重要性、对他人的使命感以及相信自我以外的事物”。A、B、C三个选项不包括在内,因此正确答案是D。

3. C 本题的问题是:在二战之后的几年,中产阶级可以被定义为,本篇第一段提到了当时美国经济不断增长并且人们生活水平有了提高,因此选择C选项,繁荣并且乐观。

4. C 本题的问题是:第一段中的"ln other words"这个短语与下列说法一致的是,"In other words"汉语意思是换句话来说,因此正确答案是C。

5. A 本题的问题是:单词"collectively"的汉语意思是“相同地”,选择A。

A Letter from Alan

I have learnt of a plan to build three hundred houses on the land called Parson's Place by the football ground. Few people know about this new plan to increase the size of our town. For me,Parson's Place is special because it is a beautiful natural area where local people can relax - the small wood has many unusual trees and the stream is popular with fishermen and bird-watchers. It's very quiet because there are few houses or roads nearby. I think that losing this area will be terrible because we have no other similar facilities in the neighbourhood.

I am also against this plan because it will cause traffic problems. How will the people from the new houses travel to work? The motorway and the railway station are on the other side of town.

Therefore,these people will have to drive through the town centre every time they go anywhere.

The roads will always be full of traffic,there will be nowhere to park and the tourists who come to see our lovely old buildings will leave. Shops and hotels will lose business. If the town really needs more homes,the empty ground beside the railway station is a more suitable place.

No doubt the builders will make a lot of money by selling these houses. But,in my opinion,the average person will quickly be made poorer by this plan. As well as this,we will lose a very

special place and our town will be much less pleasant.

I am going to the local government offices on Monday morning to protest about this plan and I hope that your readers will join me there. We must make them stop this plan before it is too late.

词汇:

facility /f?’sil?ti/ n. 场所,设施 protest /pr?u’test/ v. 抗议

motorway / ‘m?ut?wei / n. 高速公路

注释:

1. For me,Parson's Place is special because it is a beautiful natural area where local people can

relax—the small wood has many unusual trees and the stream is popular with fishermen and bird-watchers. 对我来说,帕森场是非常特别的,因为它是一个美丽的天

然场地并且当地人可以在此放松休息。这片小树林里有许多独特的树木并且这里的小溪受到了渔夫和野鸟观察 者的欢迎。

2. The roads will always be full of traffic,there will be nowhere to park and the tourists who come to see our lovely old buildings will leave. 公路上将总是有很多车辆,却没有地方停车,并且来参观我们这儿可爱的老式建筑物的观光者将会离开这里。

3. As well as this,we will lose a very special place and our town will be much less pleasant.不但

如此,我们将失去一个非常特别的地方并且我们的城镇将会失去很多快乐。 练习:

1. Why has Alan written this letter?

A) To persuade the government to build new houses.

B) To protest about a new motorway near the town.

C) To encourage more people in the town to use Parson's Place.

D) To inform other people about the builders' plans.

2. Why is Parson's Place particularly important,in Alan's opinion?

A) Because it is near the football ground.

B) Because lots of people live near it.

C) Because it is a place near the town where people can enjoy nature.

D) Because local people can get there easily by car from the town.

3. What will cause traffic jams?

A) A building on Parson's Place.

B) Building near the railway station.

C) Tourists in the narrow streets.

D) People going to the shops and hotels.

4. Alan says that ordinary people who live in the town will probably soon _____.

A) open new shops and hotels

B) choose to live near the station

C) be able to buy new homes

D) have less money

5. Which of these posters has Alan made?

A) SAVE OUR SPORTS GROUND

B) SAY NO TO HOUSES ON PARSON' S PLACE

C) WE NEED HOMES NOT HOTELS

D) USE THE TRAIN NOT THE ROAD

答案与题解:

1. D 本题问的是:为什么Alan写这封信? A、B、C选项在文中没有提到,D选项的意思是让其他人了解建筑商的计划,因此 D是正确答案。

2. C 本题问的是:在Alan看来,为什么帕森场非常重要?第一段中提到“因为它是一个美丽的天然场地并且当地人可以在此放松休息”。因此 C 是正确答案。

3. A 本题问的是:什么将会引起交通堵塞?第二段提到了,如果按照建筑商的计划,那么“公 路上将总是有很多车辆,却没有地方来停车”。因此选择 A。

4. D 本题问的是:Alan说住在城镇的人们将来可能会,本文第三段提到“每个人将会因这个计划的实施而快速地变穷"。因此选择 D。

telling tales about people 阅读理解解析及答案篇四:2012职称英语新增及详解Telling Tales about People

C级新增

Telling Tales about People【讲述关于人们的故事】

One of the most common types of nonfiction【非文学类小说】, and one that many people enjoy reading, is stories about people's lives. These stories fall into three general categories【种类;类别】: autobiography【自传】, memoir【自传】, and biography【传记】.

最普遍的非小说类文学作品类型之一就是一些描述人们生活的故事,并且很多人喜欢阅读这 类作品。这些故事大致分为三类:自传、回忆录和传记。

An autobiography is the story of a person's life written by himself or herself. Often it begins with the person's earliest recollections【回忆】 and ends in the present【现在】. Autobiography writers may not be entirely【全部地】 objective【目标】 in the way they present themselves. However, they offer【提供】 the reader a good look at the way they are and what makes them that way. People as diverse【多样的】 as Benjamin Franklin and Helen Keller have written autobiographies of other writers, such as【例如】 James Joyce, have written thinly fictionalized

【小说的;虚构的】 accounts【描述;报道】 of their lives. These are not autobiographies, but they are very close to it.

自传是作者记录自己故事的文章。通常自传会、以作者最早期的回忆开始并以对现在情况的总 结作为结束。自传的作者也许不会完全客观地介绍自己。然而,他们给读者提供了一个途径来了 解自己比较好的行事风格和为何成就这样的&己。就像本杰明@富兰克林和海伦?凯勒一样,各 种各样的人们已经写了自传。其他的作者就像詹姆斯乔伊斯一样仅仅写了关于自己生活的虚构小说。这些不是自传,但是它们和自传非常相近。

Memoirs, strictly【严格地】 speaking, are autobiographical accounts【自传性描述】 that focus

【关注】 as much on the events【事件】 of the times【时代】 as on the life of the author. Memoir writers typically【一如既往地】 use these events as backdrops【背景】 for their lives【生活】. They describe them in detail【详细地】 and discuss their importance. Recently【最近】, though

【虽然】, the term【专业名词;术语】 memoir seems to be becoming interchangeable【交换;呼唤】 with autobiography. A memoir nowadays may or may not deal with【应付;处理】 the outside world.

严格意义上来讲,回忆录是既注重作者本身的生活经历,也注重其所处的时代所发生的事件 的自传性的描述。回忆录作者通常把这些事件作为他们生活的背景。他们详细地描述这些事件并 论述这些事件的重要性。虽然近些年,回忆录这个词似乎开始变得可以和自传互换,但是目前回忆录也许还没有因外界评论而有所改变。

Biographies are factual【事实的】 accounts of someone else's life. In many senses【意义】, these may be the hardest of the three types to write. Autobiography writers know the events they write about because they lived them. But biography writers have to gather information from as many different sources【源头;来源】 as possible. Then they have to decide which facts to include. Their goal is to present a balanced【全面的;平衡的】 picture of a person, not one that is overly

【过度地】positive【肯定】 or too critical. A fair, well-presented biography may take years to research and write.

传记事实上是记录(作者以外).其他人的生活。在很多方面,传记也许是这三种非小说

类文学作品中最难写的了。自传作者知悉他们所写的事件因为他们就生活在其中。但是传记作者不得不尽量从很多不同的渠道来收集信息。然后他们不得不决定包含哪种事实。他们的目标是用比较全面的图片来介绍一个人物,并不是过于肯定也不是过于批判。一个公正并详尽的传记也许要花费许多年来研究并进行书写。

练习:

1. This passage is mostly about________.

4. The writer introduces each category in the passage by________.

A) defining it B) giving an example C) explaining why it is hard to write D) telling when people first began writing it A) able to swim in deep water C) varied or different B) similar or alike D) enjoying poetry A) the characteristics of autobiographies, memoirs, and biographies B) famous autobiographies C) why biography can be difficult to write D) differences between autobiographies and memoirs A) a memoir B) an autobiography D) a biography 2. Helen Keller wrote________. C) a work of fiction 3. Autobiography writers are not always objective because they________. A) feel they have to make up details to make their books sell B) constantly compete with biography writers C) want to present themselves in a good light D) have trouble remembering the good times 5. Diverse means________.

答案与题解:

1. A 本题问的是:这篇文章主要是关于?文章第一句说到最普遍的非小说类文学作品类型之一就是一些来描述人们生活的故事,这些故事大致分为三类:自传回忆录和传记。然后通篇对这三种类型进行了介绍,因此A是正确答案。

2. B 本题问的是:海伦·凯勒谢了什么?第二段第5句话写到:就像本明杰·富兰克林和 海伦·凯勒一样,各种各样的人们已经写了自传。因此B是正确答案。

3. C本题问的是:自传作者通常不太客观,因为他们?第二段提到:他们给读者提供了一个途径来了解自己比较好的行事风格„„,因此答案是C,他们想展示自己好的一面。

4. A本题问的是:本文的作者通过何种方式介绍每种类型的非小说文学作品?答案是A,通过给每个类型进行定义。

5. C本题问的是:diverse 的意思是?其汉语意思为“多种多样的”,因此C正确。

telling tales about people 阅读理解解析及答案篇五:第一篇Telling Tales about People

第一篇Telling Tales about People

One of the most common types of nonfiction, and one that many people enjoy reading, is stories about people's lives. These stories fall into three general categories: autobiography, memoir, and biography.

An autobiography is the story of a person's life written by himself or herself. Often it beginswith the person's earliest recollections and ends in the present. Autobiography writers may not be entirely objective in the way they present themselves. However, they offer the reader a good look at the way they are and what makes them that way. People as diverse as Benjamin Franklin and Helen Keller have written autobiographies of other writers, such as James Joyce, have written thinly fictionalized accounts of their lives. These are not autobiographies, but they are very close to it.

Memoirs, strictly speaking, are autobiographical accounts that focus as much on the events of the times as on the life of the author. 2Memoir writers typically use these events as backdrops for their lives. They describe them in detail and discuss their importance. Recently, though, the term memoir seems to be becoming interchangeable with autobiography. A memoir nowadays may or may not deal with the outside world.

Biographies are factual accounts of someone else's life. In many senses, these may be the hardest of the three types to write. Autobiography writers know the events they write about. because they lived them. But biography writers have to gather information from as many different sources as possible. Then they have to decide which facts to include. Their goal is to present a balanced picture of a person, not one that is overly positive or too critical.

A fair, well-presented biography may take years to research and write.

练习:

1. This passage is mostly about________.

A) the characteristics of autobiographies, memoirs, and biographies

B) famous autobiographies

C) why biography can be difficult to write

D) differences between autobiographies and memoirs

2. Helen Keller wrote________.

A) a memoir

B) an autobiography

C) a work of fiction

D) a biography

3. Autobiography writers are not always objective because they________.

A) feel they have to make up details to make their books sell

B) constantly compete with biography writers

C) want to present themselves in a good light

D) have trouble remembering the good times

4. The writer introduces each category in the passage by________.

A) defining it

B) giving an example

C) explaining why it is hard to write

D) telling when people first began writing it

5. Diverse means________.

A) able to swim in deep water

B) similar or alike

C) varied or different

D) enjoying poetry

【答案】

1. A 2. B 3. C 4. A 5. C

【译文】

第一篇 讲述关于人们的故事

最普遍的非小说类文学作品类型之一就是一些描述人们生活的故事,并且很多人喜欢阅 读这类作品。这些故事大致分为三类:自传、回忆录和传记。

自传是作者记录自己故事的文章。通常自传会以作者最早期的回忆开始并以对现在情况 的总结作为结束。自传的作者也许不会完全客观地介绍自己。然而,他们给读者提供了一个 途径来了解自己比较好的行事风格和为何成就这样的自己。就像本杰明·富兰克林和海伦·凯勒一样,各种各样的人们已经写了自传。

其他的作者就像詹姆斯·乔伊斯一样仅仅写了关于自己生活的虚构小说。这些不是自传,但是它们和自传非常相近。

严格意义上来讲,回忆录是既注重作者本身的生活经历,也注重其所处的时代所发生的事件的自传性的描述。回忆录作者通常把这些事件作为他们生活的背景。他们详细地描述这些事件并论述这些事件的重要性。虽然近些年,回忆录这个词似乎开始变得可以和自传互换,但是目前回忆录也许还没有因外界评论而有所改变。

传记事实上是记录(作者以外)其他人的生活。在很多方面,传记也许是这三种非小说类文学作品中最难写的了。自传作者知悉他们所写的事件因为他们就生活在其中。但是传记作者不得不尽量从很多不同的渠道来收集信息。然后他们不得不决定包含哪种事实。他们的目标是用比较全面的图片来介绍一个人物,并不是过于积极也不是过于批判。一个公正并详尽的传记也许要花费许多年来研究并进行书写。

第八篇 The Changing Middle Class

The United States perceives itself to be a middle-class nation. However, middle class is not a real designation, nor does it carry privileges. 1 It is more of a perception, which

probably was as true as it ever could be right after World War II. The economy was growing, more and more people owned their own homes, workers had solid contracts with the

companies that employed them, and nearly everyone who wanted a higher education could have one. Successful people enjoyed upward social mobility. They may have started out poor, but they could become rich. Successful people also found that they had greater geographic mobility. In other words, they found themselves moving to and living in a variety of places. The middle class collectively holds several values and principles. One strong value is the need to earn enough money to feel that one can determine one's own economic fate. In addition, middle-class morality embraces principles of individual responsibility, importance of family, obligations to others, and believing in something outside oneself. 2

But in the 1990s those in the middle class found that there was a price for success. A U. S.News World Report survey in 1994 indicated that 75 percent of Americans believed that middle-class families could no longer make ends meet 3. Both spouses now worked, as did some of the children; long commutes became routine; the need for child care put strains on4 the family; and public schools were not as good as they once were. Members of the middle class were no longer financing their lifestyles through earnings but were using credit to stay afloat. The understanding of just what middle class meant was changing.

练习:

1. The information in this passage deals with________.

A) an individual

B) a social and economic group

C) a political organization

D) government

2. A common middle class value is that________.

A) people should always have fun

B) children should be seen and not heard

C) debt is nothing to worry about

D) the family is very important

3. In the years after World War II, the middle class could be defined as________.

A) overburdened and in debt

B) hard working and suspicious

C) prosperous and optimistic

D) young and foolish

4. The phrase “In other words” in the first paragraph means that the following statement is________.

A) an exception to the previous idea

B) a denial of the previous idea

C) a restatement of the previous idea

D) a contrasting idea

5. The word collectively means________.

A) as a group

B) hesitatingly

C) unknowingly

D) weakly

【答案】

1. B 2. D 3. C 4. C 5. A

【译文】

第八篇 变化中的中产阶级

美国把自己看成是一个中产阶级的国家。然而,中产阶级既不是一个真实的称号,也不会带来特别待遇。它更是一个观念,一个也许在第二次世界大战之后会变得更加正确的观念。那时,美国经济不断增长,越来越多的人拥有了自己的家庭,工人们和雇佣自己的公司签订了可靠的合同,并且几乎所有想受到高等教育的人能够接受教育。成功的人士享受这种上升的社会流动性。他们也许之前很穷,但是他们能够变得富有。成功人士同样发现他们有更好的地理流动性。换句话说,他们发现自己正移居并生活在各种各样的地方。

这些中产阶级都持有几种相同的价值观和原则。认为赚取足够金钱就可以决定自己经济命运的想法,是其中一种比较强烈的价值观。另外,中产阶级的道德观包括个人的责任感、家庭的重要性、对他人的使命感以及相信自我以外的事物。

但是在20 世纪90 年代,这些中产阶级的人们发现了成功的代价。1994 年,《美国新闻与世界报道》的一篇调查称,75%的美国人认为中产阶级家庭无法收支相抵。现在夫妻双方以及他们的一些孩子都在工作;遥远的上下班路程变成了常态,儿童看护给家庭带来了很大压力,并且公立学校已经不如以前那样好了。中产阶级的成员不再通过薪水来支付他们的生活所需,而是通过使用信用卡来维持生活。对于中产阶级的理解正在发生变化。

第十篇 A Letter from Alan

I have learnt of a plan to build three hundred houses on the land called Parson's Place by the football ground. Few people know about this new plan to increase the size of our town. For me, Parson's Place is special because it is a beautiful natural area where local people can relax — the small wood has many unusual trees and the stream is popular with fishermen and bird-watchers. It's very quiet because there are few houses or roads nearby. I think that losing this area will be terrible because we have no other similar facilities in the

neighbourhood.

I am also against this plan because it will cause traffic problems. How will the people from the new houses travel to work? The motorway and the railway station are on the other side of town. Therefore, these people will have to drive through the town centre every time they go anywhere. The roads will always be full of traffic, there will be nowhere to park and the tourists who come to see our lovely old buildings will leave. Shops and hotels will lose

business. If the town really needs more homes, the empty ground beside the railway station is a more suitable place.

No doubt the builders will make a lot of money by selling these houses. But, in my opinion, the average person will quickly be made poorer by this plan. As well as this, we will lose a very special place and our town will be much less pleasant.

telling tales about people 阅读理解解析及答案篇六:职称英语阅读理解答案汇总-综合类

telling tales about people 阅读理解解析及答案篇七:2015年职称英语综合类阅读理解问题答案中英对照背诵版41篇

第一篇 Telling Tales about People传记类文学作品

第二篇 Shark Attack! 小心鲨鱼!

第三篇 The Travels of Ibn Battuta 伊本白图泰游记

第四篇 Native American Pottery美国本土陶器

第五篇 Modern Sun Worshippers现代日光浴者

第六篇 Single-parent Kids Do Best单亲幼儿最出色

第十篇 A Letter from Alan 艾伦的来信

第十二篇 Smuggling走私

第十三篇 The Barbie Dolls芭比娃娃

第十四篇 Sleep睡眠

telling tales about people 阅读理解解析及答案篇八:第一篇 Telling Tales about People

第一篇 Telling Tales about People One of the most common types of nonfiction, and one that many people enjoy reading, is 1. This passage is mostly about _______.

A. the characteristics of autobiographies,memoirs,and biographies 2. Helen Keller wrote________.

B. an autobiography

3. Autobiography writers are not always objective because they________.

C. want to present themselves in a good light

4. The writer introduces each category in the passage by________. A. defining it

5. Diverse means________.C. varied or different

第八篇 The Changing Middle Class The United States perceives itself to be a middle-class nation. However,middle class is not a

1. The information in this passage deals with_______.

B) a social and economic group

2. A common middle class value is that________.

D) the family is very important

3. ln the years after World War II,the middle class could be defined as_______. C) prosperous and optimistic

4. The phrase “In other words" in the first paragraph means that the following statement is_____.

C) a restatement of the previous idea

5. The word collectively means______.A) as a group

第十篇 A Letter from Alan I have learnt of a plan to build three hundred 1. Why has Alan written this letter?

D) To inform other people about the builders' plans.

2. Why is Parson's Place particularly important,in Alan's opinion?

C) Because it is a place near the town

where people can enjoy nature. 3. What will cause traffic jams? A) A building on Parson's Place.

4. Alan says that ordinary people who live in the town will probably soon _____. D) have less money

5. Which of these posters has Alan made? B) SAY NO TO HOUSES ON PARSON' S PLACE

第十一篇 The Development of Ballet Ballet is a dance form that has a long history. The fact that it survives to this day shows that it

1. This passage deals mainly with _____. C) the way ballet developed

2. An important influence in early ballet was_____.

D) Louis XIV

3. You can conclude from this passage that ballet_____.

B) will continue to change as new people and ideas influence it

4. The information in this passage is presented_____.

D) in chronological order

5. The word pageants means_____. D) elaborate shows

第十六篇 The Sahara

The name Sahara derives from the Arabic word for "desert" or "steppe". At 3. 5 million 1. This passage is mostly about _______. A) life in the Sahara

2. Rainfall in most of the Sahara is_______. A) less than five inches per year

3. The Sahara can be described as_______. A) a place of contrasts

4. The phrase "an area roughly the size of the United States" gives an indication of the size of_______. C) the Sahara

5. In this passage caravan means _______. B) group traveling together through difficult country

telling tales about people 阅读理解解析及答案篇九:2013职称英语综合B阅读理解解析

阅读理解(2013版只新增了C级的两篇阅读文章)

综合B复习范围:第1-33篇,第17-33篇为带星号文章,属综合B重点复习篇章,其中2012新增未考文章为重点的重点,也就是第17、18、19、20、21、22篇,第26篇,第30篇 第一篇 Telling Tales about People讲述关于人们的故事(2012教材新增文章)

第二篇Outside-the-classroom Learning Makes a Big Difference 课外学习带来很大不同 第三篇 Milosevic's Death 米洛舍维奇之死

(2013教材新增更改为)第三篇:Shark Attack!

第四篇 Feast on Turkey and Good Wishes at Thanksgiving 火鸡盛宴和感恩节的祝福

第五篇 Sino-Japan Animosity Lessens 中日敌意减少

(2013教材新增更改为)第五篇:The Travels of IBn Battuta

第六篇 TV Shows and Long Bus Trips 看电视与长途汽车旅行

第七篇 Modern Sun Worshippers 现代日光浴者

第八篇 The Changing Middle Class变化中的中产阶级(2012年4月真题)(2012教材新增文章)

第九篇 Single-parent Kids Do Best 单亲幼儿最出色

第十篇 A Letter from Alan艾伦的来信(2012教材新增文章)

第十一篇 The Development of Ballet芭蕾舞的发展(2012教材新增文章)

第十二篇 Smuggling走私

第十三篇 The Barbie Dolls芭比娃娃

第十四篇 Sleep睡眠

第十五篇 Orbital Space Plane轨道航天飞机

第十六篇:The Sahara 撒哈拉沙漠 (2012教材新增文章)

第十七篇:Eiffel Is an Eyeful引人注目的埃菲尔铁塔(2012教材新增文章)

第十八篇:Goal of American Education(2011年教材中为C级文章)美国教育的目标(2012教材新增文章)

第十九篇:The Family家庭(2012教材新增文章)

第二十篇:Tales of the Terrible Past讲述可怕的过去(2012教材新增文章) 第二十一篇:Spacing in Animals动物的空间距离(2012教材新增文章)

第二十二篇:Some Things We Know about Language我们知道的关于语言的一些事情(2012教材新增文章)

第二十三篇:The Only Way Is Up只好向上

第二十四篇:Clone Farm克隆农场

第二十五篇:Income收入

第二十六篇:Seeing the World Centuries Ago看许久以前的世界(2012教材新增文章) 第二十七篇:Importance of Services服务业的重要性

第二十八篇:The National Park Service国家公园的服务机构

第二十九篇:Find Yourself Packing It On? Blame Friends发现自己变胖了?这得责怪朋友们

第三十篇:"Lucky" Lord Lucan - Alive or Dead“幸运的”鲁肯伯爵一是死是活(2012教材新增文章)

第三十一篇 Pool Watch泳池监护

第三十二篇 The Cherokee Nation柴罗基部落

第三十三篇:Oseola McCarty老妇人(2012年4月真题)(2012教材新增文章)

第一篇 Telling Tales about People

One of the most common types of nonfiction, and one that many people enjoy reading, is

stories about people's lives. These stories fall into three general categories: autobiography, memoir, and biography.

An autobiography is the story of a person's life written by himself or herself. Often it begins with the person's earliest recollections and ends in the present. Autobiography writers may not be entirely objective in the way they present themselves. However, they offer the reader a good look at the way they are and what makes them that way. People as diverse as Benjarmin Franklin and Helen Keller have written autobiographies. 1Other writers, such as James Joyce,have written thinly fictionalized accounts of their lives. These are not autobiographies,but they are very close to it.

Memoirs, strictly speaking, are autobiographical accounts that focus as much on the events of the times as on the life of the author. 2Memoir writers typically use these events as backdrops for their lives. They describe them in detail and discuss their importance. Recently,though,the term memoir seems to be becoming interchangeab1e with autobiography. A memoir nowadays may or may not deal with the outside world.

Biographies are factual accounts of someone else's life. In many senses,these may be the hardest of the three types to write. Autobiography writers know the events they write about

because they lived them. But biography writers have to gather information from as many different sources as possible. Then they have to decide which facts to include. Their goal is to present a balanced picture of a person,not one that is overly positive or too critical. A fair well-presented biography may take years to research and write.

词汇:

backdrop /'bæk,drɔp/ n. 背景 interchangeable /intə 'tʃendʒəbl/ adj. 可转换的 注释:

1. People as diverse as Benjamin Franklin and Helen Keller have written autobiographies. 就像本杰明•富兰克林和海伦•凯勒一样,各种各样的人们已经写了自传。

2. Memoirs,strictly speaking,are autobiographical accounts that focus as much on the events of the times as on the life of the author. 严格意义上来讲,回忆录是既注重作者本身的生活经历,也注重其所处的时代所发生的事件的自传性的描述。

练习:

1. This passage is mostly about _______.

A. the characteristics of autobiographies,memoirs,and biographies

B. famous autobiographies

C. why biography can be difficult to write

D. differences between autobiographies and memoirs

2. Helen Keller wrote________.

A. a memoir

B. an autobiography

C. a work of fiction

D. a biography

3. Autobiography writers are not always objective because they________.

A. feel they have to make up details to make their books sell

B. constantly compete with biography writers

C. want to present themselves in a good light

D. have trouble remembering the good times

4. The writer introduces each category in the passage by________.

A. defining it

B. giving an example

C. explaining why it is hard to write

D. telling when people first began writing it

5. Diverse means________.

A. able to swim in deep water

B. similar or alike

C. varied or different

D. enjoying poetry

答案与题解:

1. A 本题问的是:这篇文章主要是关于?文章第一句说到最普遍的非小说类文学作品类型之一就是一些来描述人们生活的故事,这些故事大致分为三类:自传 回忆录和传记。然后通篇对这三种类型进行了介绍,因此A是正确答案。

2. B 本题问的是:海伦·凯勒谢了什么?第二段第5句话写到:就像本明杰·富兰克林和 海伦·凯勒一样,各种各样的人们已经写了自传。因此B是正确答案。

3. C本题问的是:自传作者通常不太客观,因为他们?第二段提到:他们给读者提供了一个途径来了解自己比较好的行事风格……,因此答案是C,他们想展示自己好的一面。

4. A本题问的是:本文的作者通过何种方式介绍每种类型的非小说文学作品?答案是A,通过给每个类型进行定义。

5. C本题问的是:diverse 的意思是?其汉语意思为“多种多样的”,因此C正确。 *第十九篇 The Family

The structure of a family takes different forms around the world and even in the same society. The family's form changes as it adapts to changing social and economic influences. Until recently, the most common form in North America was the nuclear family,consisting of a married couple with their minor children. The nuclear family is an independent unit. It must be prepared to fend for itself. Individual family members strongly depend on one another. There is little help from outside the family in emergencies. Elderly relatives of a nuclear family are cared for only if it is possible for the family to do so. In North America,the elderly often do not live with the family ; they live in retirement communities and nursing homes.

There are many parallels between the nuclear family in industrial societies,such as North America,and of families in societies such as that of the Inuits,who live in harsh environments. The nuclear family structure is well adapted to a life of mobility. In harsh conditions,mobility allows the family to hunt for food. For North Americans,the hunt for jobs and improved social status also requires mobility.

The nuclear family was not always the North American standard. In a more agrarian time,the small nuclear family was usually part of a larger extended family. This might have included grandparents,mother and father,brothers and sisters,uncles,aunts,and cousins. In North America today,there is a dramatic rise in the number of single-parent households. Twice as many

households in the United States are headed by divorced,separated,or never-married individuals as are comprised of nuclear families. The structure of the family,not just in North America, but throughout the world,continues to change as it adapts to changing conditions.

词汇:

nuclear /'nju:kh/ adj. 原子核的,中心的 harsh /ha:ʃ/ n. 严酷的

emergency /I'mʒ:dʒənsI/ n. 紧急状况 agranan / ə'greərlən/ adj. 土地的,耕地的

注释:

1. lt must be prepared to fend for itself. 它必须能够照料自己。

2. In North America,the elderly often do not live with the family; they live in retirement communities and nursing homes. 在北美洲,老人很少和家人一起生活;他们一般住在退休社 区和养老机构。

3. In harsh conditions,mobility allows the family to hunt for food. :在恶劣的条件下,流动性能让一个家庭吃饱饭。

练习:

1. Another good title for this passage would be_____.

A) What Makes a Family?

B) The Life of the Inuits.

C) Living with Hardship.

D) The Failure of theNuclear Family.

2. A nuclear family is defined as_____.

A) a married couple with their minor children

B) a single father with,minor children

C) parents,grandparents,and children

D) parents,children,and aunts and uncles

3. The information in this passage would most likely be found in_____.

A) an anthropology textbook

B) a biology textbook

C) a mathematics textbook

D) a geography textbook

4. The information in the first paragraph is presented mainly through _____.

A) listing statistics

B) telling a story

C) pointing out similarities

D) pointing out differences

5. The word mobility means_____.

A) money

B) readiness to move

C) organization

D) skill

答案与题解:

1. A 本题问的是:这篇文章的题目还可以是什么? A 的意思是是什么构成了一个家。B 的意 思是因纽特人的生活。C 的意思是生活得很艰难。D 的意思是核心家庭的失败之处。根据文意,本文主要介绍了与家庭相关的信息。B 不是主要内容。C 未提到。D 未提到。因此A 是正确的答案。

2. A 本题问的是:核心家庭的定义是什么?根据第一段的第三句话:Until recently,the most common form in North America was the nuclear family,consisting of a married couple with their minor children. 可知 A 是正确的答案。

3. A 本题问的是:这篇文章最有可能出自哪里? A 的意思是人类学课本。B 的意思是生物课本。C的意思是数学课本。D 的意思是地理课本。本文主要介绍了家庭,因此最有可能是

人类学课本。所以 A 是正确的答案。

4. C 本题问的是:第一段的信息主要以何种方式陈述的?根据第一段的陈述方式,并没有列 出数据或者讲故事,而是通过描述共性而阐述出核心家庭的概念。因此 C 是正确的答案。

5. B 本题问的是:mobility 的词意。Mobility 是 mobile 的名词形式。根据文中第二段,核心家庭能够生存下去最重要的是能够有流动性,而钱、组织或是技能都不是能够使一个家庭吃饱饭的必要条件。因此 B 是正确的答案。

*第二十篇 Tales of the Terrible Past

It is not the job of fiction writers to analyze and interpret history. Yet by writing about the past in a vivid and compelling manner,storytellers can bring earlier eras to life and force readers to consider them seriously. Among those taking on the task of recounting history are some black writers who attempt to examine slavery from different points of view.

Nobel Prize-winning author Toni Morrison deals specifically with the legacy of slavery in her book Beloved. The main character in this novel,a former slave called Sethe,lives in Ohio in the years following the Civil War,but she cannot free herself from her horrific memories. Through a series of flashbacks and bitter reminiscences,the reader learns how and why Sethe escaped from the plantation she had lived on; the fate of her husband,who also tried to escape; and finally,what happened to the child called Beloved. Morrison's scenes of torture and murder are vivid and strongly convey the desperation of the slaves and the cruelty of their owners.

Charles Johnson's Middle Passage approaches slavery from a different,yet no less violent,vantage point. His main character,Rutherfprd Calhoun,is a ne'er-do-well free black American who stows away on a slave ship bound for Africa to collect its "cargo". Put to work after he is discovered,Calhoun witnesses firsthand the appalling conditions in which the captured Africans are transported. When they finally rebel and take over the ship,he finds himself in the middle -- and is forced to come to terms with who he is and what his values are.

Neither Beloved nor Middle Passage is an easy read,but both exemplify African American writers' attempts to bring significant historical situations alive for a modem audience.

词汇:

interpret /in'tə:prit/ v. 解释,翻译 desperation /despə'reiʃən/ n. 绝望的境地 recount /ri'kaunt / v. 叙述 capture /'kæptʃə / v. 俘获

slavery /'sleivəri / n. 奴隶制度

telling tales about people 阅读理解解析及答案篇十:2013年职称英语综合A阅读理解押题与解析-1

紫红色为新增文章

绿色为2012年4月的真题

红色为12年新增到未考到文章

第一篇 Telling Tales about People讲述关于人们的故事(2012教材新增文章)

第二篇 Outside-the-classroom Learning Makes a Big Difference 课外学习带来很大不同

第三篇 Milosevic's Death 米洛舍维奇之死

(2013教材新增更改为)第三篇:Shark Attack!

第四篇 Feast on Turkey and Good Wishes at Thanksgiving 火鸡盛宴和感恩节的祝福

第五篇 Sino-Japan Animosity Lessens 中日敌意减少

(2013教材新增更改为)第五篇:The Travels of IBn Battuta

第六篇 TV Shows and Long Bus Trips 看电视与长途汽车旅行

第七篇 Modern Sun Worshippers 现代日光浴者

第八篇 The Changing Middle Class变化中的中产阶级(2012年4月真题)(2012教材新增文章)

第九篇 Single-parent Kids Do Best 单亲幼儿最出色

第十篇 A Letter from Alan艾伦的来信(2012教材新增文章)

第十一篇 The Development of Ballet芭蕾舞的发展(2012教材新增文章)

第十二篇 Smuggling走私

第十三篇 The Barbie Dolls芭比娃娃

第十四篇 Sleep睡眠

第十五篇 Orbital Space Plane轨道航天飞机

第十六篇:The Sahara 撒哈拉沙漠 (2012教材新增文章)

第十七篇:Eiffel Is an Eyeful引人注目的埃菲尔铁塔(2012教材新增文章)

第十八篇:Goal of American Education(2011年教材中为C级文章)美国教育的目标(2012教材新增文章)

第十九篇:The Family家庭(2012教材新增文章)

第二十篇:Tales of the Terrible Past讲述可怕的过去(2012教材新增文章)

第二十一篇:Spacing in Animals动物的空间距离(2012教材新增文章)

第二十二篇:Some Things We Know about Language我们知道的关于语言的一些事情(2012教材新增文章)

第二十三篇:The Only Way Is Up只好向上

第二十四篇:Clone Farm克隆农场

第二十五篇:Income收入

第二十六篇:Seeing the World Centuries Ago看许久以前的世界(2012教材新增文章)

第二十七篇:Importance of Services服务业的重要性

第二十八篇:The National Park Service国家公园的服务机构

第二十九篇:Find Yourself Packing It On? Blame Friends发现自己变胖了?这得责怪朋友们

第三十篇:"Lucky" Lord Lucan - Alive or Dead―幸运的‖鲁肯伯爵一是死是活(2012教材新增文章)

第三十一篇 Pool Watch泳池监护

第三十二篇 The Cherokee Nation柴罗基部落

第三十三篇:Oseola McCarty老妇人(2012年4月真题)(2012教材新增文章)

第三十四篇:To Have and Have Not逃亡(2012教材新增文章)

第三十五篇:Going Her Own Way选择她自己的路(2012年4月真题)(2012教材新增文章)

第三十六篇:A Tale of Scottish Rural Life一个关于苏格兰乡村生活的故事(2012教材新增

文章)

第三十七篇:Pop Music in Africa非洲的流行音乐(2012教材新增文章)

第三十八篇:Why So Many Children为什么有这么多的孩子(2012教材新增文章)

第三十九篇:Eat to Live为了活着吃饭(2012教材新增文章)

第四十篇:New US Plan for Disease Prevention 美国疾病预防新政策

第四十一篇 The Operation of International Airlines 国际航空公司的经营

第四十二篇 Sauna 桑 拿 浴

第四十三篇 Can Buildings Be Designed to Resist Terrorist Attack? 建筑设计能使建筑抵御恐怖袭击吗?

第四十四篇 Americans Get Touchy 越来越爱肢体接触的美国人

第四十五篇 Women Staying in Mini-Skirts for Longer女性在迷你裙上逗留的时间更长

第四十六篇 Defending the Theory of Evolution Still Seems Needed 捍卫进化论仍必要

第四十七篇:Narrow Escape九死一生(2012教材新增文章)

第四十八篇 Finding Enlightenment in Scotland 苏格兰启蒙运动

第四十九篇 The Beginning of American Literature 美洲文学的开端

第五十篇 Older Volcanic Eruptions 远古火山喷发

The beginning of American literature

American has always been a land of beginnings. After Europeans ― discovered‖ America in the fifteenth century, the mysterious New World became for many people a genuine hope of a new life, an escape from poverty and persecution, a chance to start again. We can say that, as nation, America begins with that hope. When, however, does American literature begin?

American literature begins with American experiences. Long before the first colonists arrived, before Christopher Columbus, before the Northmen who found America about year 1,000, Native

Americans lived here. Each tribe's literature was tightly woven into the fabric of daily life and reflected the unmistakably American experience of lining with the land. Another kind of experience, one filled with fear and excitement, found its expression in the reports that Columbus and other explorers sent home in Spain, French and English. In addition, the journals of the people who lived and died in the New England wilderness' tell unforgettable tales of hard end sometimes heartbreaking experiences of those early years.

Experience, then, is the key to early American literature. The New World provided a great variety of experiences, and experiences demanded a wide variety of expressions by an even wider variety of early American writers. These writers included John Smith, who spent only two-and-a-half year: on the American, continent. They included Jonathan Edwards and William Byrd,who thought of themselves as British subjects, never suspecting a revolution that would create a United States of America with a literature of its own. American Indians, explorers,

Puritan ministers, frontier wives, plantation owner一they are all the creators of the first American literature.

练习:

1) What does ―that hope‖in the first paragraph refer to?

A)The hope that America would be discovered.

B) The hope to start a life.

C) The hope to see the mysteries of the New World.

D) The hope to find poverty here.

2. When did American literature begin?

A) Before the American natives lived there.

B) When Columbus and other explorers gent reports back home..

C) When tire Northmen found America in about 1,000.

D) Long before the year 1,000.

3. What can we learn from the literature of the tribes of the native Americans?

A) About the everyday fife of the native Americans.

B) About the arrival of Columbus

C) About the experience of the first European settlers

D) About the experience of those who died in the New England wilderness.

4. The main purpose of the last paragraph is to tell the readers that

A) in the early days most American writers were from Great Britain.

B) people with rich life experience became writers.

C) there were many writers in the early days of American history

D) early-day experience provided the foundation for American literature.

5. According to the last paragraph, which of the following statements is true about America literature?

A) Some British writers started American literature.,

B) Early-day American literature is a reflection of the boring life then.

C) Some British writers had doubts about the future of American literature.

D) Some British writers had great confidence in the future of American literature.

参考答案:

1.B.解析:首先找到―that hope‖在文章中的位置:

(第一段)American has always been a land of beginnings. After(在..之后) Europeans ― discovered‖(发现) America in the fifteenth century(世纪), the mysterious(神秘的) New World became for many people a genuine(真正的,真诚的) hope of a new life, an escape from (逃避)poverty and persecution(迫害), a chance(机会) to start(开始) again(再次). We can say that, as nation, America begins with that hope. When, however, does American literature begin?

―that hope‖就是指前一句中的a genuine hope of a new life/开始新生活的真诚希望。

2.D. 利用问题句及被选项中的特征词,细节信息词/结构(American literature, American natives, Columbus and other explorers, Northmen, America, 1,000)作为答案线索, 在文章中查找答案相关句:

American has always been a land of beginnings.(第一题答案相关句) After Europeans ― discovered‖ America in the fifteenth century, the mysterious New World became for many

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